Geometrical Optics and Physical Optics
In this module, the concept of light’s behavior when reflected from the same medium or at the interface between two different media will be treated. The construction of images obtained through optical systems and different types of lenses will be discussed. Certain optical systems will be presented in this module: the eye, a magnifying glass, a microscope, a telescope, a camera, along with the way they work by calculating focal lengths, magnification and vergency (optical power). The module explains the comprehension and correction of vision problems: farsightedness, nearsightedness.
The next step will be to explain essential wave-related concepts, along with the way they interact. The observation that the pitch of sound from a siren changes when the source or receiver or both moves will be elucidated. The concept of phase will allow the understanding of phenomena such as interference or diffraction when two apparently identical phenomena are superimposed.
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